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Multifamily Utility Cost Benchmarking

How do your properties compare?

How to Reduce Multifamily Energy Waste with Benchmarking

Beyond tracking your properties’ utility usage for compliance, benchmarking is your essential pulse on the market, indicating how your properties measure up. You can’t manage what you don’t measure. Know exactly how all your properties are performing and what your utilities are really costing.

RealPages advanced analytics and reporting tools dissect your utility usage data at the portfolio level, the property level and even at the account level. Benchmarking and budgeting tools turn complex data into actionable insights so you can make smarter decisions.

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Utility Benchmarking and Compliance Resources

LOCATION LAW/ACTION BLDG SIZE DISCLOSE TO PENALTIES FOR INCOMPLIANCE ANNUAL DEADLINE
Austin Energy Conservation Audit & Disclosure (ECAD)
Unlike many other energy disclosure laws, Austin does not require multifamily owners to report annual building usage data for energy or water. (However, energy audit is required every 10 years and high use properties have mandatory usage reductions.)
All complexes (no minimum size) Residents and buyers upon request or lease renewal; audit results also must be posted at property Class C misdemeanor and subject to fine up to $500. If criminally negligent, a fine of up to $2,000 may be assessed. N/A
Atlanta Commercial Buildings Energy Efficiency Ordinance
Multifamily owners must report their usage for energy. Energy audit required every 10 years.
25,000 sq. ft. Government agency (who will disclose on public website) annually Written notice of first violation; Fine of $1,000 if 20 days late, an additional $1,000 every year thereafter June 1
Berkeley, Calif. Building Energy Saving Ordinance (BESO)
Multifamily owners must report their usage for energy and water. All buildings > 4 units must complete energy assessment.
≥ 50,000 sq. ft. (eventually phasing in all buildings > 4 units by 2020) Government agency annually TBD October 1
Boston Building Energy Reporting and Disclosure
Owner must report whole building data for energy and water. This includes aggregated resident data which can be obtained from the utility providers. (Also, every 5 years an energy assessment or energy action is generally required.)
> 35,000 sq. ft. or 35 units Government agency (who will disclose on public website) annually Non-residential tenants: $35 per violation for not supplying owner with energy data. Residents face no fines. Owners pay $75-$200 / day depending on size / use of building up to $3,000. May 15
California (statewide) California’s Assembly Bill 802 of 2015
Details TBD. California Energy Commission has been directed by legislature to adopt regulations providing for public transparency of benchmarking energy use data for commercial and multifamily buildings.
≥ 50,000 sq. ft. (by anticipated initial deadline of 4/1/2019 for multifamily) Government agency (who will disclose on public website) annually TBD April 1 (anticipated)
Cambridge, Mass. Building Energy Use Disclosure Ordinance
Owner must report whole building data for electricity, natural gas, steam, fuel oil, and water. This includes aggregated resident data which can be obtained from the utility providers.
> 49 units Government agency (who will disclose on public website) annually City will issue written warning for first violation. Any subsequent violations can be up to $300 per day. June 1
Chicago Chicago Energy Use Benchmarking
Owner must report whole building data for energy. This includes aggregated resident data which can be obtained from the utility providers. An engineer must examine data every 3 years and certify data to the City.
≥ 50,000 sq. ft. Government agency (who will disclose on public website) annually $100 to building owner for first violation, $25 per day after that if not fixed. June 1
DC Clean and Affordable Energy Act
Owner must report whole building data for energy and water. This includes aggregated resident data which can be obtained from the utility providers.
> 50,000 sq. ft. Government agency (who will disclose on public website) annually DDOE will issue a written warning. If violation is not corrected after 30 days of written notice, DDOE can fine owners up to $100 per day. April 1
Denver Energize Denver Ordinance
Multifamily owners must report their usage for energy.
≥ 50,000 sq. ft. (≥ 25,000 sq. ft. by 6/1/2018) Government agency (who will disclose on public website) annually TBD June 1
Evanston, IL Evanston Building Energy and Water Use Benchmarking Ordinance
Multifamily owners must report their usage for energy and water. Benchmarking must be verified by credentialed individual during first year and every three years.
≥ 100,000 sq. ft. by 6/30/2017 (≥ 50,000 sq. ft. by 6/30/2018; ≥ 20,000 sq. ft. by 6/30/2019) Government agency (who will disclose on public website) annually $100 per month June 30
Kansas City, Mo. Energy Empowerment Ordinance
Owner must report whole building data for energy and water.
≥ 100,000 sq. ft. (≥ 50,000 sq. ft. by 5/1/2018) Government agency (who will disclose on public website) annually Written warning for first failure to comply; fine of up to $500 if compliance not met within 60 days of warning. May 1
Los Angeles City of Los Angeles Existing Buildings Energy and Water Efficiency Program
Multifamily owners must report their usage for energy and water. ASHRAE level 2 energy assessment, water assessment, and retrocommissioning due every 5 years.
≥ 100,000 sq. ft. by 7/1/2017 (≥ 50,000 sq. ft. by 4/1/2018. ≥ 25,000 sq. ft. by 4/1/2019) Government agency (who will disclose on public website) annually $202 April 1 (extended to July 1 for only 2017)
NYC Local law 84
Owner must report whole building data for energy and water. This includes aggregated resident data which can be obtained from the utility providers. Audit required every 10 years on buildings > 50,000 sq. ft.
≥50,000 sq. ft. (≥25,000 sq. ft. by 5/1/2018) Government agency (who will disclose on public website) annually $500; continued failure $500 per quarter with a maximum of $2,000. May 1
Orlando Orlando Ordinance No. 2016-64
Multifamily owners must report whole building data for energy. This includes aggregated resident data which can be obtained from the utility providers. Benchmarking must be verified by credentialed individual. ASHRAE level 2 energy assessment, retrocommissioning, or score above 50 required every 5 years.
≥ 50,000 sq. ft. by 5/1/2018 Government agency (who will disclose on public website) annually TBD May 1
Philadelphia Building Energy Benchmarking Ordinance
Owner must report whole building data for energy and water.
≥ 50,000 sq. ft. Government agency (who will disclose on public website) annually $300 fine for the 1st 30 days, and then $100/day June 30
Seattle Building Energy Benchmarking and Reporting Program
Owner must report whole building data for energy. This includes aggregated resident data which can be uploaded to a property’s ENERGY STAR account by the utility providers. (Seattle’s 2016 building energy law that requires “building tune ups” every 5 years does not appear to impact multifamily buildings, but only commercial buildings).
5+ units Government agency (who will disclose on public website) annually; residents and buyers upon request Quarterly fines $500-$1,000 based on building size. Owner and residents first violation: $150. April 1
St. Louis, MO Building Energy Awareness bill
Multifamily owners must report their usage for energy and water.
≥ 50,000 sq. ft. by 4/1/2018 Government agency annually (who will disclose on public website) Written warning for first failure to comply; fine ranging $50-200 per day up to $1,000 per year. April 1
South Portland, ME Energy and Water Use Performance Benchmarking ordinance
Multifamily owners must report their usage for energy and water. Every five years, owners must also have a licensed professional engineer produce a verification report.
≥ 10 units by 5/1/2018 Government agency annually (who will disclose on public website) TBD May 1
Areas expected to add similar legislation include Columbus, Ohio; Des Moines, Iowa; Fort Collins, Colo.; Houston, Texas; Miami-Dade County, Fla.; New Orleans, La.; Providence, R.I.; Reno, Nev.; St. Paul, Minn.; Salt Lake City, Utah. Some jurisdictions have passed energy disclosure laws that currently do not apply to multifamily: Boulder, Colo.; Minneapolis, Minn.; Montgomery County, Md.; Pittsburgh, Pa.; Portland, Ore.; San Francisco, Calif.; and the state of Washington.

 

ENERGY STAR® Portfolio Manager integration
RealPage can automatically upload data from your common area energy and water invoices into this popular tool.

Whole Building Energy Data
For ENERGY STAR® scores, certification, and local energy disclosure regulations, whole-building energy data (including all in-unit energy usage even when paid directly from resident to utility provider) is generally required. Obtaining all the required energy data can be a challenge for multifamily communities, but more and more utility providers have started to make this data available. EPA maintains a list of utility providers that have agreed to provide this additional data at: https://www.energystar.gov/buildings/tools-and-resources/utilities_increase_access_energy_data_help_commercial_customers_benchmark

Other Useful Links for Utility Management:
http://www.buildingrating.org/content/us-policy-briefs
http://www.imt.org/policy/building-energy-performance-policy

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